The significance of the husayn mcmahon correspondence sykes picot agreement and balfour declaration

As we'll see in this video and in others, the roots of a lot of the current disagreements in the Middle East and a lot of the conflict in the Middle East can actually be traced back to World War I.

If we deal with our commitments, there is first the general pledge to Hussein in Octoberunder which Palestine was included in the areas as to which Great Britain pledged itself that they should be Arab and independent in the future. Subject to the above modifications, Great Britain is prepared to recognize and support the independence of the Arabs within the territories in the limits and boundaries proposed by the Sherif of Mecca.

I think that HMG will probably jump at the opportunity of making a sort of amende by sending Feisal to Mesopotamia. I reminded the Amir Faisal that the Allies were in honour bound to endeavour to reach a settlement in accordance with the wishes of the peoples concerned and urged him to place his trust whole-heartedly in their good faith.

As for those regions lying within those frontiers wherein Great Britain is free to act without detriment to the interest of her ally, France, I am empowered in the name of the Government of Great Britain to give the following assurances and make the following reply to your letter: Groups of people were put into classes based on if they had fought in the revolt or not and what their rank was.

May God have mercy on the Khalifate and comfort Moslems in it. Subject to the above modifications, Great Britain is prepared to recognize and support the independence of the Arabs within the territories in the limits and boundaries proposed by the Sherif of Mecca. As part of preparing this White Paper, Sir John Shuckburgh of the British Colonial Office had exchanged correspondence with McMahon, and reliance was placed on a memorandum by Major Hubert Young, who had noted that in the original Arabic text, the word translated as "districts" in English was "vilayets", a vilayet being the largest class of administrative district into which the Ottoman Empire was divided.

Learn More in these related Britannica articles: Balfour Declaration In Britain issued the Balfour Declaration, promising to support the establishment of a national home for the Jewish people in Palestine.

He concluded that "district of Damascus", i. These two last were circulated as E. In particular, the Arabs argued that the vilayet province of Damascus did not exist and that the district sanjak of Damascus covered only the area surrounding the city itself and furthermore that Palestine was part of the vilayet of 'Syria A-Sham', which was not mentioned in the exchange of letters.

At the centre, from left to right: Whether all have become public I do not know, but I seriously suggest to the Government that the best way of clearing our honour in this matter is officially to publish the whole of the engagements relating to the matter, which we entered into during the war. To make things worse for the Arab's, while the British were trying to convince them to revolt, they were also in secret negotiations with the French on how they would divide the Middle East if they were able to beat the Ottoman's.

As the limits and boundaries demanded are not those of one person whom we should satisfy and with whom we should discuss them after the war is over, but our peoples have seen that the life of their new proposal is bound at least by these limits and their word is united on this.

They hoped also that the settlement in Palestine of a pro-British Jewish population might help to protect the approaches to the Suez Canal in neighbouring Egypt and thus ensure a vital communication route to British colonial possessions in India.

McMahon to Hussein, 10 Mar Discussed initial preparations for the revolt. Indeed, ensuring the support of the paramount Western power of the day remains to this day a basic tenet of Zionist foreign policy. That France and Great Britain are prepared to recognize and protect an independent Arab states or a confederation of Arab states a and b marked on the annexed map, under the suzerainty of an Arab chief.

The McMahon promise to Hussein

Palestine, or the Roman Kingdom of Judea, this is carved out as a separate international property something that would be administered by multiple states and I guess the argument would be, this is where the Holy Land's are, multiple religions have some of their holiest sites within here and so they carved it out like this.

Ḥusayn-McMahon correspondence, a series of letters exchanged in –16, during World War I, between Ḥusayn ibn ʿAlī, emir of Mecca, and Sir Henry McMahon, the British high commissioner in.

Husayn-McMahon Correspondence was an exchange of letters (14 July to 30 January ) during World War I, between the Sharif of Mecca, Husayn bin Ali, and Sir Henry McMahon, British High Commissioner in Egypt, concerning the political status of lands under the Ottoman Empire.

The Hussein-McMahon Correspondence. Eleanor Roosevelt: My Round-the-World Adventures. The Sykes-Picot Agreement. The Balfour Declaration.

King-Crane Commission. San Remo Conference. The Shaw Commission.

Sykes-Picot Agreement and the Balfour Declaration

Translation of a letter from Husayn to McMahon, September 9, balfour declaration (significance) upset the Arabs, helped establish Israel, contradicted the Sykes-Picot Agreement and Husayn-McMahon correspondence imam (definition).

Three bits of policy, all belonging to the short period October to November – the first two, the McMahon-Hussein correspondence and the Sykes-Picot Agreement, the work of the Asquith Liberal government; and the third, the Balfour Declaration, coming from the succeeding Lloyd George coalition.

Sykes was the author of the Hogarth Message a secret January message to Hussein following his request for an explanation of the Balfour Declaration and the Bassett Letter was a letter (also secret) dated 8 February from the British Government to Hussein following his request for an explanation of the Sykes–Picot Agreement.

The significance of the husayn mcmahon correspondence sykes picot agreement and balfour declaration
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The Hussein-McMahon Correspondence (July August )