Nor does Schneewind express any doubts about Sidgwick's firmly objectivist views in meta-ethics. I especially missed the important essays on Pufendorf. His attitude is explicable if he believes that the necessary conditions for reasonable truth-based evaluation do not obtain -- if, in other words, he believes either that there are no moral truths or that we have no cognitive access to them.
But at any rate this conception of the progressive character of moral philosophy is not alien to Sidgwick. It is reasonable for Schneewind to make Kant the central figure of his history; for he believes that 'his [sc.
In Schneewind's view, moral philosophy was alive, but imprisoned by the theologians, until Grotius released it Invention Essays on the History of Moral Philosophy J. If Kant did not discover that rational agents are free, a Kantian about morality should not hold it to be true that we are autonomous.
Another shows by studying Hume and Kant that the topic of virtue was not neglected by modern moral philosophy. One presents a brief overview o One analyzes the role of God in morality as understood during the early modern period.
But his later sympathetic treatment of Kant expounds Kant from a nihilist point of view. Both Hobbes and Price may hold views that tend to manage some things and undermine others, and it may be difficult to say whether the overall effect of their views is to manage or to undermine.
It does not follow, however, that he did not achieve these results. When I say that they do not matter to historians of ethics, I mean that we can ask some important questions about Hobbes or Price that do not depend on who else believed them, or on how far their views were put into practice, or who opposed them.
We may have good reasons for thinking of his theory in terms like these, but we are not, in so doing, giving an historical account of it. Some of the omitted items have been largely absorbed in The Invention of Autonomy, but many of them deserve attention in their own right.
He argues that Sidgwick's contribution to these controversies marks an advance on the work of Whewell and others. More The first of the chapters in this book argues against foundationalism in moral philosophy. These sorts of questions have arisen about efforts to offer a functionalist and relativist account of morality.
In this respect Kant completes the process initiated by Grotius. But it is not so clear to me that an idea of the aims of the discipline is so important, or that it will necessarily determine one's approach to the history of the discipline.
He certainly places Sidgwick in his historical context, and specifically in the philosophical and theological controversies of Victorian England. Here Kant replaces Sidgwick as the central figure, and Kant's moral philosophy is the decisive advance in the history of ethics.
A comparison of Kant with the Stoics is used to object to some recent interpretations of Kant's moral philosophy. If they did accept it, their histories would be less interesting. But even if one could answer these questions, I doubt whether the answers should matter to historians of ethics.
We may miss something about Hume if we do not think about his intentions. Hume's attack on rationalism is shown to be a part of his deep criticism of religion. If the Kantian conception is not true, why does it provide the best place to start working out a contemporary philosophical understanding of morality?.
J.B. Schneewind, Essays on the History of Moral Philosophy, Oxford UP,pp., $ (pbk), ISBN Reviewed by T.H.
Irwin, University of Oxford Readers of Jerome Schneewind's major works on the history of moral philosophy will be pleased to see this selection from his essays. Theory. Moral knowledge and moral principles -- Victorian Matters.
First principles and common-sense morality in Sidgwick's ethics ; Moral problems and moral philosophy in the Victorian Period -- On the historiography of moral philosophy. Moral crisis and the history of ethics ; Modern moral.
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Schneewind presents a selection of his published essays on ethics, the history of ethics and moral psychology, together with a new piece offering an. J. B. Schneewind, Essays on the History of Moral Philosophy (Oxford: Oxford University Press, ), pp. xviii + - Volume 23 Issue 2 - MICHAEL L.
MORGAN. J. B. Schneewind presents a selection of his published essays on ethics, the history of ethics and moral psychology, together with a new piece offering an intellectual schmidt-grafikdesign.com: J.
B. Schneewind.Schneewind essays on the history of moral philosophy