Only the courage and solitary dedication of Howard Hughes and his small development group caused this project to advance resulting in its historic first, and only flight.
The "Spruce Goose" ridicule is related to the product's heavy use of wood in its construction. Was the flight an accident. An urgent government project inthe wooden flying boat had lost all priority by Operational history[ edit ] The flight deck of the H-4, Hughes returned to California during a break in the Senate hearings to run taxi tests on the H InThe Walt Disney Co.
The goal was to build a cargo and troop carrier that did not require critical wartime materials; in other words, that substituted wood for metal. Throughout its construction, considerable controversy surrounded its funding. After final assembly, a hangar was erected around the flying boat at that location, with a ramp to launch the H-4 into the harbor.
The initial H-4 concept was drawn up by Henry Kaiser while the direct design was put together by engineer Glenn Odekirk. After a disgruntled U. A circular stairway connects the two compartments.
The H-4 Hercules never flew again. Kaiser, a steelmaker and builder of Liberty ships, the aircraft was designed and constructed by Howard Hughes and his staff; hence, the original HK-1 Hercules NX designation.
Work proceeded slowly, and the H-4 was not completed until well after the war was over. With Hughes at the controls, the flying boat lifted 33 feet off the surface of Los Angeles Harbor and flew one mile in less than a minute at a top speed of 80 miles per hour before making a perfect landing.
The huge flying boat consists of a single hull, eight radial engines, a single vertical tail, fixed wingtip floats, and full cantilever wing and tail surfaces. Seven configurations were considered,including twin-hull and single-hull designs with combinations of four, six and eight wing-mounted engines.
Kaiser teamed with aircraft designer Howard Hughes to create what would become the largest aircraft ever built at that time. InThe Walt Disney Company acquired both attractions and the associated real estate.
The Hercules was a monumental undertaking. The final design chosen was a behemoth, eclipsing any large transport then built.
By the time the aircraft was finally completed inthe U. Kaiser then withdrew from the project. It was built after a U. The legendary H-4 Hercules was designed and built by the Hughes Aircraft schmidt-grafikdesign.comed to defeat the German U-boat threat, the plane was intended to be a super transport that could ferry troops from the USA to Europe, and serve as an aerial ambulance on the return flight.
The Hughes H-4 Hercules, aka “Spruce Goose” (NX) is a prototype heavy transport aircraft designed and built by the Hughes Aircraft company. The aircraft made its first and only flight on November 2,and the project never advanced beyond the single example produced. • HK-1 - Original Design Designation that reflects the collaborative efforts of design and concept from Henry Kaiser and Howard Hughes ("HK").
• H-4 - Base Designation with the wihtdrawal of Henry Kaiser from the project.
• HFB-1 - Another designation attributed as a recognition of "Hughes Flying Boat - First Design". Hughes Hk-1 (H-4) Flying Boat Manual by Hughes Tool Company The legendary Hercules flying boat was designed and built by the Hughes Aircraft Company. Intended to defeat the German U-boat threat, the plane was intended to be a super transport that could ferry troops from the USA to Europe, and serve as an aerial ambulance on.
The Hughes H-4 Hercules, ridiculed as the Spruce Goose, remains the largest flying boat ever constructed and features the largest wingspan of any aircraft ever made.
Hughes continued the program on his own under the designation "H-4 Hercules" (initially identified as the HFB-1 to signify Hughes Flying Boat, First Design, ) signing a new government contract that now limited production to one example.
Work proceeded slowly, with the result that the H-4 was not completed until well after the war was over.An overview of the hughes flying boat h 4